@rwi I cannot get this to work I'm afraid.
I have tried it out with the Hyde theme and 5 posts.
If I follow your instructions to the letter I always get an empty page under the taxonomy
If I place the calendar partial in a
/_default/ the calendar gets rendered but the day links for individual posts are not generated.
/layouts/taxonomy/ does not seem to register...
Do you have a repo with your demo so that I can see how you got your demo rendered with Hugo?
EDIT [16 July 2017]
Never mind. I found why the daily links were not generated.
For anyone else who hits the same roadblock
PublishDate is a required frontmatter parameter for the links to be generated.